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The path from big data analytics capabilities to value in hospitals: a scoping review


Brossard Pierre-Yves, Minvielle Etienne, & Sicotte Claude (2022) "The path from big data analytics capabilities to value in hospitals : a scoping review", BMC Health Services Research, vol. 22, n°134.


Background As the uptake of health information technologies increased, most healthcare organizations have become producers of big data. A growing number of hospitals are investing in the development of big data analytics (BDA) capabilities. If the promises associated with these capabilities are high, how hospitals create value from it remains unclear. The present study undertakes a scoping review of existing research on BDA use in hospitals to describe the path from BDA capabilities (BDAC) to value and its associated challenges. Methods This scoping review was conducted following Arksey and O’Malley’s 5 stages framework. A systematic search strategy was adopted to identify relevant articles in Scopus and Web of Science. Data charting and extraction were performed following an analytical framework that builds on the resource-based view of the firm to describe the path from BDA capabilities to value in hospitals. Results Of 1,478 articles identified, 94 were included. Most of them are experimental research ( n =69) published in medical ( n =66) or computer science journals ( n =28). The main value targets associated with the use of BDA are improving the quality of decision-making ( n =56) and driving innovation ( n =52) which apply mainly to care ( n =67) and administrative ( n =48) activities. To reach these targets, hospitals need to adequately combine BDA capabilities and value creation mechanisms (VCM) to enable knowledge generation and drive its assimilation. Benefits are endpoints of the value creation process. They are expected in all articles but realized in a few instances only ( n =19). Conclusions This review confirms the value creation potential of BDA solutions in hospitals. It also shows the organizational challenges that prevent hospitals from generating actual benefits from BDAC-building efforts. The configuring of strategies, technologies and organizational capabilities underlying the development of value-creating BDA solutions should become a priority area for research, with focus on the mechanisms that can drive the alignment of BDA and organizational strategies, and the development of organizational capabilities to support knowledge generation and assimilation.